The Peritoneum is a vast, serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity. It encapsulates abdominal organs, providing support and a frictionless surface for their movements. Its dual nature divides it into parietal and visceral layers, each performing distinct roles in bodily function.

Comprising mesothelial cells and connective tissue, its structure supports lubrication via peritoneal fluid, thus aiding in organ mobility. This membrane also plays an integral role in immunity by producing antibodies and hosting macrophages to combat intraperitoneal infections.

Its role extends to vital biological processes such as lymphatic drainage and wound healing. In medical procedures like peritoneal dialysis, its high vascularization enables waste removal from the bloodstream. Despite its benefits, pathologies such as peritonitis or carcinomatosis can arise from this complex membrane’s dysfunction.

In sum, the peritoneum encapsulates a labyrinth of functions ranging from organ support to disease resistance, demonstrating its intricate role within human anatomy.

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Biomedical term

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**Parent Category:**
Human Anatomy

Abdominal Cavity, Peritoneal Diseases, Peritoneal Cancer

Peritoneal membrane, Peritoneal cavity lining

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Peritoneum function, Peritoneum location, Peritoneum structure

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Abdominal peritoneum, Parietal peritoneum, Visceral peritoneum

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**Topically Relevant Entities:**
Abdomen, Mesothelium cells


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